Covid citizen scientist

Long haul Covid-19 According to the National Health Service of the UK, long term Covid may have some of the following symptoms: extreme tiredness (fatigue) shortness of breath chest pain or tightness problems with memory and concentration (“brain fog”) difficulty sleeping (insomnia) heart palpitations dizziness pins and needles high temperature depression and anxiety joint painContinue reading “Covid citizen scientist”

locus ceruleus ventilation

Coivd-19 patients have difficulty breathing.  Is this due to lost of lung capacity, the cytokine storm, or a combination of the two?  The neurons of the locus ceruleus are themselves very sensitive to CO2/pH. [1]  The A6 norepinepthrine releasing neurons of the LC play a role in translating changes in CO2/pH  to changes in respiration.Continue reading “locus ceruleus ventilation”

Reducing Fevers

Fever curves are an interesting source of amusement for those that have the ability to collect the data.  This is especially true for those experiencing periodic fever or chills. Reducing Fevers:  propacetamol (Tylenol) versus  dexibuprofen Paracetamol, acetominophen, propacetamol are inhibitors of cyclooxygenase  (Cox).  Some references suggest it might interact with the endocannabinoid system.    Continue reading “Reducing Fevers”


Ctr1 We are excited to share with the structure of the Cu+ transporter Ctr1 (Ren 2019).   Feifei Ren and coworkers genetically engineered the Ctr1 transporter from the Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar.  This salmon sCtr1 transporter has 78% sequence identity to our human hCtr1.  TM 1-3 are transmembrane domains.   We have been interested in this Cu+Continue reading “Ctr1”


Ceruloplasmin, the immune system Most of this document was written for an M.D. interested in giving the Mitosynergy product to his patients. This post is a compilation of our discussions.  Ceruloplasmin keeps copper and oxygen deep within its surface. Here we have an image of ceruloplasm crystallized with just Cu, oxygen, glycerol and N-acetylglucosamine. NoContinue reading “Ceruloplasmin”

Fatty Liver Disease

Please note in readying this report on Cu(I)NA2  and fatty liver disease, the authors did not compare Cu(I)NA2  with another dietary copper supplement such as cupric (+2) citrate.  Therefore the conclusions are not unique to Cu(I)NA2. Do not take anything in this post as medical advice. Feel free to discuss this post with your physician.Continue reading “Fatty Liver Disease”